I Tri da Cruci

I Tri da Cruci is one of the oldest festivals in Calabria, occurring annually on May 2nd and 3rd in Tropea. It unfolds on Via Umberto I, known as “u burgu” among the locals, situated in the historic town. Throughout various centuries and extended periods, the Turks and Saracens maintained dominion over this region, instilling fear among the coastal communities of Calabria.

Local residents successfully repelled the Turks and Saracens on multiple occasions, driving them away from Tropea and destroying their ships. Tropea endured almost half a century of Arab domination.

The festival features “Ucamiuzzu i focu,” a fire camel reminiscent of the real ones employed by the Turks to collect taxes in the occupied lands, and a boat, “a navi,” which is detonated to conclude the celebrations, symbolizing victory over the Turks.

La Madonna di Romania di Tropea

The Madonna di Romania in Tropea is celebrated on March 27 and September 9 with a solemn procession in which all the authorities and the people participate with great devotion. The Lady, venerated for centuries, is proclaimed the patroness of Tropea. The image is situated in the center of the main apse of the Norman Baroque Cathedral of Tropea, an icon revered and loved by the people of Tropea. Every year on September 9th, the anniversary of the coronation of the sacred icon, a procession accompanies the venerated image of the Madonna of Romania through the streets of Tropea, joined by all the religious brotherhoods and associations.


Gruppo folk città di Tropea

The folk group ‘Città di Tropea’ organizes concerts and traditional dance performances on the 21st and 22nd of August every year, featuring groups from around the world. The goal is to promote brotherhood, respect, and an appreciation for the cultural heritage of various ethnic groups.

The Liberation of Tropea in 1615

In 1612, the Viceroy of Naples, Count of Lemos, sold Tropea and all its territory to Prince Vincenzo Ruffo for 191,041 ducats. Tropea, after centuries of political and economic autonomy, became a fief of the Ruffo family. At the same time, the expert jurist Luigi Lauro was sent to the Court of Spain to plead the case of the inadmissibility of the deed of sale by the viceroy; another jurist, Ferdinando d’Aquino, was sent by the latter. On November 13, 1613, the Supreme Council of Italy received the previously favorable sentence: the deed had been stipulated without the consent of the King of Spain. For the occasion, the marble statue of the Madonna della Libertà was consecrated as an ex voto, still present today in the left aisle of the Cathedral.

After some appeals from Ruffo, on August 23, 1615, the Royal Rescript was received from Valladolid; Philip III declared Tropea and its territory unsaleable. The reasons were that Tropea, given its age-old loyalty to the Crown of Spain, had to remain free for its own: Antiquity, Beauty, and Nobility. On August 23, 1615, Tropea was free. After a three-year legal battle, the city became state property again thanks to the cancellation of the deed of sale to Prince Ruffo di Scilla. From then on, it would continue to be a royal city, always faithful to the crown and free from any feudal yoke.

La liberazione di Tropea 1615

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